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Week 6 Discussion Question

Identify the play you chose to study.  Did you know the play before you chose it?  What stands out for you as you read it for class?  What message(s) does the play hold for someone reading or watching it in 2021?

Module 2: Reading Quiz 1

Unit 1:  Reading Quiz 3:  
Compare/Contrast Gilgamesh and Job as heroes.

Read the 

Epic of Gilgamesh (Links to an external site.)
 and the book of 

Job (Links to an external site.)

Compare and Contrast Gilgamesh and Odysseus as heroes. 

Use the following guidelines to help you compose your answer:

– How are Gilgamesh and Odysseus similar?

– How are Gilgamesh and Odysseus different?

– What are each hero’s strengths?

– What are each hero’s weaknesses?

– Which of the two do you think is the ultimate hero?

– Good answers should be at least 250 words. 

Plagiarism Reminder

Answers should be in your own words. Do not copy answers from online sources. I am interested in what 
you think. If you use language from the text, use quotations marks (Example: “In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job.”). 

Task Three:  Activities for Homer’s Odyssey

 

Read through the Homer Study Guide and all of the Activities below before making your selection. Make a copy of the Activity question to begin your response. Upload your Activity here. Title your entry, “Activity 3.” These Activity entries must be thoughtful; each one should be the equivalent of at least a full typed page or more in length (e.g. not less than 250 words).  They may be longer if you need to say more on your topic. You will not be able to do these Activity entries properly unless you have carefully read the assigned literature.

 

 

· Athena is Odysseus’ patron deity; he is her favorite human being. Look at some of the scenes in the Odyssey where they interact and describe their relationship in some detail, giving specific examples from more than one book of the Odyssey.

 

· Look at the various warnings about what Clytemnestra did to Agamemnon, especially in Books XI and XXIV (the underworld scenes. Then review the dangers and violence of Odysseus’ homecoming, and think about how Odysseus approached Penelope and how he hanged the traitorous serving girls (Book XXII). Do you think Homer’s audience accepted that the girls deserved to be killed? How do you feel about the scene personally? Does it give you any insights into the concepts of right and wrong in Homer’s day and how those concepts might be different than in our time? Give specific examples from more than one book in the Odyssey to support your ideas.

 

· List several of the women, mortal and divine in the Odyssey and write a brief description of each one. Finally, write a paragraph or two summing up Homer’s ideas about the roles of women in the Odyssey–what they are like and how they are treated.

 

· Later civilizations disapproved of Homer because “he told lies about the gods.” Look in the Odyssey for some of these “lies.” List and describe several of them. Do you think Homer actually believed in gods such as he sang about? If so, do you think he was being impious to his gods? Why or why not? Support your position with specific examples from the Odyssey.

 

· Why does Odysseus go to Hades and what does he learn there? Go into plenty of detail, using specific examples from Book 11 to support your ideas.

 

· Compare Odysseus to a modern hero. The modern hero may be a fighter, a ruler, a leader, or an athlete; he may be real or fictional. Write a brief biography of each hero, looking at the specifics of his family life, beliefs, friendships, activities, heroic behaviors, etc. Then, explain how each hero affects the society he lives in and how people feel about him. Finally, what are the most interesting differences between your two heroes and so what?

 

· Go to Bronze Age Images. Look through the various images and select three that might actually have existed in the world of the Odyssey. Describe each image and explain exactly where in the Odyssey you would expect to find it, who would use it, own it, live in it, etc., and what you could learn about the Odyssey from seeing the image. Support your ideas with specific examples from the Odyssey and from the images.

 

· Go to the Homer Web Site and look at several images of the Trojan War. Select three which deal with the events of the Odyssey. Describe each image and compare it to the corresponding scene in the Odyssey. How has the artist interpreted the characters, events, etc.? Do you agree with the artist’s interpretation? Why or why not? Explain using specific examples to support your points.

 

· Go to the Homer Web Site and scroll down to the section on the Troy Cycle. Look at the list of Troy epics and the characters and plot of the overall Troy Cycle to get a feeling for the mythic context of the Odyssey. Now think about the relations of gods and humans in the Odyssey. Select two interesting scenes where gods and humans interact. Describe each scene in some detail and explain its role in the overall story. Do you think these gods were any more or less real to Homer than the heroes? Why or why not? Support your ideas with specific examples from the Odyssey.

 

· Go to Bulfinch’s Mythology and look up the stories of two or three major gods and/or heroes from the Odyssey. Now select one or more specific scenes in the Odyssey that can be better understood after reading about the characters’ mythological roles. Explain the way the mythology helps you to understand each scene, using specific details from both Bullfinch and the Odyssey to support your ideas.

 

· Review the scenes in Hades in Books 11 and 24 of the Odyssey. What can you learn about Homer’s conception of life after death from reading them? Use specific examples to support your insights.

 

· Odysseus has relationships with a number of women. List these women and then compare how he relates to different ones. Be sure to include Kirke (a witch) and Nausicaa (a nice young princess) in your list. Can you learn anything about Odysseus from how he relates to these different women? Use specific examples from the story to support your points.

 

· Pick the character in the Odyssey that you think is the most “monstrous” and explain just what you find monstrous about him/her/it, and why. Be sure to use specific, detailed examples from the story to support your discussion.

 

· Odysseus survives many ordeals that kill his men, such as the Kyklops, Skylla and Charybdis, and the final shipwreck. Discuss Odysseus as a leader of his men. Why do you think he survives while his followers do not? Support your discussion with examples from the story.

 

· Look at Book 1 of the Odyssey, where Athena and Zeus discuss human behavior, Odysseus, and justice. Now look at the Book of Job, where God and Satan arrange to test Job to satisfy Satan’s cynical curiosity about Job’s goodness. Compare divine attitudes toward human beings in Job and in The Odyssey, noting what similarities there are, if any, and what differences. Support your observations with specific examples from both narratives.

 

· Samuel Butler and Robert Graves both believed that the Odyssey had been written by a woman. Robert Graves wrote a novel, Homer’s Daughter, about Nausicaa, the woman who composed the Odyssey. Get a copy of this novel, read it, and then write an essay explaining whether or not you agree that a woman could have written the Odyssey. Support your ideas with plenty of examples from both the novel and the Odyssey.

 

· One of the themes explored in The Odyssey is that of the passage from adolescence to adulthood. Construct a character analysis of Telemachus with careful consideration of his development from boy to man. Consider the role of Athena (Mentor) in this development as well as the effects of his father’s long absence.

· Week 5 Discussion Question

· What did you know about Homer’s, The Odyssey before beginning this module?  What have you learned?  What stands out for you about this story?

Module 1: Reading Quiz 3

Module 1:  Reading Quiz 3:  
Compare/Contrast Gilgamesh and Job as heroes.

Read the 

Epic of Gilgamesh
Links to an external site.
 and the book of 

Job
Links to an external site.

Compare and Contrast Gilgamesh and Job as heroes. 

Use the following guidelines to help you compose your answer:

– How are Gilgamesh and Job similar?

– How are Gilgamesh and Job different?

– What are each hero’s strengths?

– What are each hero’s weaknesses?

– Which of the two do you think is the ultimate hero?

– Good answers should be at least 250 words. 

Plagiarism Reminder

Answers should be in your own words. Do not copy answers from online sources. I am interested in what 
you think. If you use language from the text, use quotations marks (Example: “In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job.”). 

Module 1: Response Paper 2: TASK 6

Task 6:  Module 1:  Response Paper 2: 
Compose a 5-paragraph essay responding to the following prompt:

Compare the story of The Fall in the Hebrew Bible as told in 

Genesis
Links to an external site.
 with the episode of how Enkidu becomes fully human (by means of the harlot) in 

Gilgamesh
Links to an external site.
 (pages 4-6). In both stories a woman is instrumental in causing a man to become fully human, and eventually to die, the fate of human beings. Discuss the similarities and the differences between the two stories, using specific examples from both to support your ideas.

 

Follow these guidelines as you write:

– Your essay should be at least 250 words. 

– You are not required to include an introduction and conclusion, but you may do so if you wish.

– Address at least three similarities and three differences. 

– What is the moral of each story? 

– Which story do you prefer?

 

Plagiarism Reminder 

The essay should be in your own words. Do not copy from online sources. If you use language from the texts, use quotation marks (Example: “No son is left with his father, for Gilgamesh takes them all”). 

 

Week 4 Discussion Question 1

What difference did you notice between the ancient Hebrew Bible text and the Christian version when it came to events like the Great Flood?  What stands out the most to you after reading the Hebrew version of Genesis?

Module 1: Reading Quiz 2

Module 1:  Reading Quiz 2: 
Compare/Contrast the Flood Stories in Gilgamesh and Genesis

Read the Story of the Flood chapter of 

Gilgamesh
Links to an external site.
 carefully (pages 20-21 of the linked text). Then, read the Story of the Flood in 

Genesis
Links to an external site.

Compare and contrast the two flood stories. 

Use the following guidelines to help you compose your answer:

– What are at least three similarities between the two stories?

– What are at least three differences between the two stories?

– These two stories come from very different cultures and time periods. Why do you think the stories are so similar?

– Good answers will be at least 200 words (feel free to write more!)

Plagiarism Reminder

Answers should be in your own words. Do not copy answers from online sources. I am interested in what 
you think. If you use words from the texts, use quotations marks (Example: “Noah was a righteous man.”)

Unit 1: Response Paper 2: TASK 3

Unit 1:  Response Paper 1:

Choose a prompt from 

Gilgamesh Activities
Links to an external site.

Compose a five paragraph essay responding to the prompt.

Follow the guidelines below as you compose your essay:

– Your essay should be at least 250 words. 

– Be as specific as you can. Support your points with details from the text. Prove that you read the book!

– Indicate at the beginning of the essay which prompt you are responding to. 

– There is no requirement to include introduction and conclusion paragraphs, but you may if you wish.

Plagiarism Reminder

The essay should be in your own words. Do not copy an essay from an online source. If you use language from the texts, use quotation marks (Example: “Noah was a righteous man and blameless before the Lord.”)

** Submit your paper to this Assignment Module. Ignore the instructions on the Activities page to submit to Blackboard. Those instructions only apply to Virginia CCS students **

Week 3 Discussion Question 1

3

Which activity did you choose to do for the Gilgamesh Activity One?  Why did you choose this activity?  What new information about Gilgamesh did you learn while doing this activity?

Module 1, Reading Quiz 1

This assignment was locked 14 Aug at 23:59.

Module 1:  Reading Quiz 1: 
“Is Gilgamesh a hero?”

Instructions:

In Unit 1, we will focus on the Epic of Gilgamesh. You can read the epic here:

http://www.aina.org/books/eog/eog.pdf

Read the epic and then 
post an answer to the following question: “Is Gilgamesh a hero?” 

Review the following guidelines as you compose your answer:

1. A good answer should be at least 200 words.

2. A few good points to include as you arrive at your answer would be:

– What is your personal definition of a hero?

– Does Gilgamesh fit your definition? Why or why not?

– What are his good qualities?

– What are his flaws? 
What is Gilgamesh’s biggest flaw?

– Can a flawed person be a hero?

3. Discuss examples from the text to support your answer. Prove to me that you did the reading!


reminder about plagiarism:

– Answers should be 
in your own words. Do not copy an answer from the internet or from another student. If you quote language from the Epic, use quotations marks. (Example: “I will proclaim to the world the deeds of Gilgamesh.”)

Task Three. Gilgamesh Activities.

WORLD LITERATURE I

 

Unit 1: Activities for Gilgamesh (TASK THREE)

 


https://www.learner.org/series/invitation-to-world-literature/the-epic-of-gilgamesh/the-epic-of-gilgamesh-read-the-excerpt/
Links to an external site.

Select the Activity question you wish to respond to. Make a copy of the question to begin your Activity. Post your response here to Gilgamesh Task 3.  Please title your response “Gilgamesh Task 3.”  If you choose the Double Credit option, you must indicate that at the top of your essay and you must develop your ideas and supports substantially more fully than for a single credit Activity.

 

1) 0riginally, Enkidu was part animal and part man. Discuss how the harlot transformed Enkidu into a human being by first seducing him and then luring him to civilization. Develop your ideas by referring to specific incidents in the story.

2) As he lies dying, Enkidu curses the harlot, and then revokes his curse and blesses her. Do you think he was better off in his natural, animal, state, or as a civilized man? Support your opinion with specific examples from the story.

3) Underworlds are generally places of the dead, and/or of underground divinities. These places are dangerous and difficult for living persons to enter and hard to leave. Why does Gilgamesh go to the underworld, and what does he learn there? Use specific examples from the story to support your main points.

4) There are actually TWO underworlds in the story of Gilgamesh: 1) the underworld that Gilgamesh visits seeking immortality and 2) the terrible underworld of death that Enkidu sees in a vision as he is dying. Examine each underworld closely and then try to explain why you think there are two such different “underworlds” in this ancient story. Do they have different purposes? Is one only for immortals? Use plenty of specific examples from both underworlds to support your ideas.

5) Both Gilgamesh and Enkidu slay Humbaba and the Bull of Heaven, yet the gods decide that Enkidu is the one who must die. Why? Support your argument with specific examples from the story, looking closely at the differences between gods and human beings.

6) There are a number of dreams in the story of Gilgamesh. List them and then explain what roles they play in the story. Use specific examples from the story to support your ideas. Be sure to look at the way Gilgamesh’s mother and Enkidu interpret Gilgamesh’s dreams. How is this different from the way people interpret dreams now?

7) Compare the characters of Gilgamesh and Enkidu. Who was the more heroic? Why? Begin with an explanation of what YOU consider heroic and see if it is similar to what is considered heroic in the story. Support your argument with plenty of specific examples from the story.

8) Gilgamesh and Enkidu’s greatest adventures are against monstrous primary forces of nature: Humbaba and the Bull of the Sun, which are creatures of the gods. Discuss the role of monstrous creatures in Gilgamesh and pay attention to their close connections to the gods. Support your discussion with specific examples from the story.

9) Make a list of all of the female characters in Gilgamesh. Write a brief description of each and what she does in the story. Can you get any general ideas about the roles of women in ancient Sumeria from this? Explain, using specific examples from the story.

10) Review Utnapishtim’s story of the flood. What does Gilgamesh learn from this story about the nature of human beings and of the gods? Do you think there is a sense of divine justice for human beings here or not? Explain using specific examples from the story to support your ideas.

11) Although Gilgamesh wants to live forever, he cannot even stay awake for seven days, as Utnapishtim proves by having his wife bake seven loaves of bread while Gilgamesh sleeps. What is the point of this episode? What does Utnapishtim teach Gilgamesh about immortality? Would anyone really want this kind of immortality? Support your answers using specific examples from the story to support your ideas.

12) When Enkidu dies, Gilgamesh nearly goes mad with grief. He sits by the body until it begins to decay, he puts on the skins of animals (such as Enkidu probably once wore), and he searches the wilderness and the underworld for the secret of immortality. Do you think this is because of his love for Enkidu and his desire to bring him back, or do you think this is because Gilgamesh has finally recognized his own mortality and is terrified? Support your answer with specific examples from the text.

13) Double Credit (if thoroughly done): Read Steppenwolf by Hermann Hesse. This modern (1927) German novel tells the anguished story of a man (Harry Haller) who perceives himself as part educated bourgeois man and part wolf. He longs for the far away gods (embodied for him primarily in the immortal characters of Goethe and Mozart), but he can get no happiness out of daily life because of the intense conflict between his two selves. He must go on a journey through fantasy and death in order to come to understand himself and realize that there is really no conflict between his animal and human natures. Your task is to compare/contrast this novel with the story of the man/beast, the man/god, and the role of death in human life in Gilgamesh. The concepts are remarkably similar in these two stories thousands of years apart.

Module 1: Research

Post an article or You tube video that taught you something new about Gilgamesh. Be sure to 
explain why you chose it. 

Week 2 Discussion Question 1

As you watched the video and read the excerpt, what stood out for you about the story of Gilgamesh?  Would you consider him a tragic hero?  Why do you think this story has survived since the time of the Sumerians when other stories from that time period have not?