7/18/22, 1:35 PM Lab Report Instructions – HUMAN ANATOMY PHYS II LAB Section 022 Summer Semester 2022

https://gastate.view.usg.edu/d2l/le/content/2580264/viewContent/49030930/View 1/5

BIOL2120 Laboratory Reports

Instructions

A complete laboratory report should follow the general
form used in writing a professional scientific paper.
The material in the report should be organized into six
sections plus a title page. Your lab report must contain
the sections indicated below. With the exception of
the title page, each section (intro, methods, etc.)
should be labeled to make your report easier to follow.

Title Page: You should have a title that is limited to
your subject matter, but as descriptive as possible.
Avoid overly general titles, ex. “The termites”. A more
appropriate title might be, “A demonstration of ink
preferences in wood-dwelling termites”. This page
should also include a list of your fellow experimenters.
While you will complete the experiments in groups,
each student must individually complete and write his
or her own lab report.

Introduction: This section should introduce the topic
of your experiment and should include any
PERTINENT background information needed to
understand the experiment. Cite references for

Listen

7/18/22, 1:35 PM Lab Report Instructions – HUMAN ANATOMY PHYS II LAB Section 022 Summer Semester 2022

https://gastate.view.usg.edu/d2l/le/content/2580264/viewContent/49030930/View 2/5

background material where appropriate. At the end of
this section, you should state the major objective or
purpose of your experiment (this should be concise)
and clearly state your hypothesis.

Materials and Methods: In this section, you should
describe the materials used and the EXACT
procedures that you followed while performing your
experiment. If you used a different procedure than
listed in the lab manual, you should describe the
procedure that you actually used. A person should be
able to read this section and perform your experiment
exactly the way you did. Do not give the results of
your experiment in this section, only materials and
procedures.

Results: This section should include 2 parts: 1. a
written description of the results in the body of the
paper, 2. a graph(s) or table(s) on a separate page
displaying the results. Do not explain or comment on
the significance of the results here, just give the data.
Every table or graph must have a descriptive title
(“termite data” is not descriptive enough) and labeled
axes with units of measure clearly indicated. Tables
consist of columns and rows of numbers or other
information and should be numbered in sequence and
referred to in the written results section, ex. “Termites
followed the red ink for an average of 5 seconds

7/18/22, 1:35 PM Lab Report Instructions – HUMAN ANATOMY PHYS II LAB Section 022 Summer Semester 2022

https://gastate.view.usg.edu/d2l/le/content/2580264/viewContent/49030930/View 3/5

(Table 1).” Graphs are called figures and are referred
to in the same manner, ex. Fig.1.

Discussion: In this section, you should indicate if
your hypothesis was supported, explain your results,
and indicate the significance of the results. A
hypothesis cannot be proven by a single experiment.
You should interpret your results as “supportive of” or
“failed to support” the hypothesis. To the best of your
ability, you should explain what was occurring during
your experiment, why you got the results that you did,
and any possible sources of error. You should also
indicate the significance of your results. How might
this information be used? What are the implications of
your results? Lastly, you may want to develop further
experiments that might be used to lend more support
to the hypothesis, or develop a totally new hypothesis
based on your results.

Clinical Implications: In this section, explain how the
information you learned from this experiment relates
to clinical/hospital procedures.

Literature cited: Whenever you cite a fact or an idea,
cite the reference giving credit to your sources. This
should be done in the body of the report so that it is
clear to the reader. For example: “That cytochrome
included three distinct enzymes was first shown by

7/18/22, 1:35 PM Lab Report Instructions – HUMAN ANATOMY PHYS II LAB Section 022 Summer Semester 2022

https://gastate.view.usg.edu/d2l/le/content/2580264/viewContent/49030930/View 4/5

Keilin (1925)” or “It is known that cytochrome consists
of three distinct enzymes (Keilin, 1925).” The
literature cited section consists of a list of references
which should include the author’s name, initials, year
of publication, journal, specific volume, and the
pages. For example: Keilin, D., 1925. Proc. Rev. Soc.
London, B98: 312-329

When referencing books use the following form:
Eckert, R., and D. Randell, 1978. Animal Physiology.
1st ed. W.H. Freeman and Co. 510 pp.

Additional points:

1. The report should be concise. Four to six
typewritten pages should be sufficient.

2. Avoid the first person, ex. “the termites were placed
on the paper, and the time each termite followed each
line measured with a stopwatch” not “Suzi placed the
termites on the paper, and I timed how long each
termite followed the lines”.

3. Use precise English and avoid useless words such
as “First,…Next,…Then,…” or “then we proceeded to”.

7/18/22, 1:35 PM Lab Report Instructions – HUMAN ANATOMY PHYS II LAB Section 022 Summer Semester 2022

https://gastate.view.usg.edu/d2l/le/content/2580264/viewContent/49030930/View 5/5

4. Use complete sentences with good grammar and
spelling.