Your paper should be at least 1,500 words and include all of the 5 sets of sources listed below.

Based on your Research Proposal, this project will represent the culmination of your study of the End of Life Issues in this course, and will enable you to explore a specific topic of interest from the perspective of one of the social or behavioral sciences. Your paper should include the various sources that you collected in your proposal. All sources should convey information that is integrated into your paper:

1. A source regarding your discipline of choice 2. At least one resource from our course 3. At least two scholarly sources 4. At least one organizational source 5. (optional) Any additional sources that you would like to include that are relevant to your topic.

Please be sure to see the feedback on your proposal to help you successfully complete this project, and feel free to contact me with any questions as you are working on it.

Your paper should be a coherent essay that develops an argument related to your topic of research. It should NOT be a list of concepts and sources related to the topic.

Your paper should include:

1. Introduction

2. Body of the paper. The paper should provide relevant details and also convey how your paper is related to the social science discipline identified in your proposal.

3. Reflections. Include a paragraph about why this topic is significant and meaningful to you, as well as anything that you learned that you found especially interesting.

4. Conclusion

5. Reference List

Communication and end of life issues



Communication and end of life issues

Communication refers to the process of exchanging information or conveying a message. Communication is an essential aspect of healthcare delivery as it enables understanding between the healthcare provider and the patient. The knowledge of exchange between the two subjects involves how the patient feels, their desire, and the healthcare provider’s interventions in addressing the patient’s needs. Good communication enables a stable connection between the healthcare provider and the patients. They also connect with the patient’s relatives, who understand their wishes and priorities. Through this support, the patients can make informed decisions concerning their care. This paper addresses how human interaction through communication affects the end of life care. This aspect is essential as it promotes the quality of end-of-life care, reducing possible pain and suffering among patients suffering from terminal illnesses.

Among the disciplines introduced in week 1 of this course, the topic “psychology” will set the concept for understanding this topic. Psychology deals with the study of the mind and behavior. An individual’s state of mind and behavior determines how positive they are to the care and the overall healthcare system. Some of the patient’s behavior may be open, while sometimes they might try to conceal their feelings and thoughts about the care. For instance, a patient may not be in a position to express them through verbal communication; however, their behavior may be a presentation of their feeling and needs. Therefore, it is important to evaluate or assess an individual’s feelings and needs by studying their behavior and mind. In other words, this approach focuses more on non-verbal communication techniques.

Every project has expectations, otherwise known as the hypothesis. This project expects a positive correlation between good communication and quality end-of-life care. It is because; competent medical practitioners understand the aspect of good communication in promoting health. It is one of the ways through which they develop a good rapport and relationship with the patients. As a result, it results in the development of trust, stabilizing their psychological status, and thus, they develop a positive mindset that improves the quality of their overall health. In addition, this project expects respect for patient autonomy to exist where there is good communication. When the patient is in a stable mind to communicate their feelings and demands, the healthcare practitioner is obliged to observe respect for patients’ autonomy, which is one of the ethical principles governing healthcare.

This project will review and incorporate previous studies’ findings related to the topic. These are relevant course materials (Week 3 Mini-Lecture_Donna Maurer) that will enable the determination of the research gaps in the subject field. In addition, it will allow comparing and contrasting previous and modern medical practices and aspects that involve communication and patient care. Finally, these materials, together with the findings in this research, will enable the formulation of recommendations that will point out areas of medical practice that need improvement.

This project is healthcare-based research; therefore, a healthcare organization is the most relevant to the topic . Furthermore, the relevance of a healthcare organization to this topic is depicted by the fact that end-of-life issues involve palliative care in healthcare facilities, where healthcare providers directly engage their patients in the healthcare delivery process.

I anticipate including the following articles in my final project.
. This article describes the skills necessary for effective communication at the end of life issues. It addresses a similar case in healthcare. It requires skills for an individual to express effective communication in varying aspects of environments. Article 2:
. This article is an exploration of the opinions of healthcare providers on including end-of-life care communication. As mentioned earlier, communication is one of the ways of achieving stable psychological status. This article is essential to this project as it depicts doctors’ opinions on initiating this aspect of healthcare in end-of-life issues.


Gillett, K., O’Neill, B., & Bloomfield, J. G. (2016). Factors influencing the development of end-of-life communication skills: a focus group study of nursing and medical students. Nurse education today36, 395-400.

Nedjat-Haiem, F. R., Carrion, I. V., Gonzalez, K., Ell, K., Thompson, B., & Mishra, S. I. (2017). Exploring health care providers’ views about initiating end-of-life care communication. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine®34(4), 308-317.