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Week 3: Discussion Forum

Discussion Question Instructions: 

Based on your research, write a post of approximately 250 words that describes 1) Dr. Wagner’s legacy, in your opinion, 2) what you admire about Dr. Wagner, and 3) what attributes you would expect to see in a university founded by Dr. Wagner. Your paper should include at least three reference sources and at least three in-text citations.

4.1 Devotion: Leader Discouragement- A Loss of Confidence

Getting Started

As we continue our devotional series on the sources of discouragement that Nehemiah faced when endeavoring to rebuild the walls of the city of Jerusalem, we turn our attention to another important source of discouragement: a loss of confidence. Previously, we read in 
Nehemiah 4:6(new tab)

 that the people had begun the rebuilding project with the heart they needed to do the work, but the loss of strength and vision combined to undermine their confidence. In verse 10, we read that the people began whining: “We ourselves are unable to build the wall.”

When people, be they leaders or followers, lose confidence in their abilities to achieve a task, the frequent result is discouragement. The Holy Scriptures offer many examples of how God gives us confidence to do what needs to be done. In 
Hebrews 13:6(new tab)

, we read: “The Lord is my helper; I will not be afraid. What can mere mortals do to me?” In 
Isaiah 40:31(new tab)

, the prophet wrote: “…those who hope in the Lord will renew their strength. They will soar on wings like eagles; they will run and not grow weary; they will walk and not be faint.” 
Joshua 1:9(new tab)

 states this more strongly: “Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged, for the Lord your God will be with you wherever you go.” How could one remain discouraged for long after reading what God has promised to us in the way of His strength and confidence?!

Upon successful completion of this assignment, you will be able to:

· Integrate biblical perspectives for promoting holistic well-being in organizational members.

Instructions

1. Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.

2. Review the information in the Getting Started section. 

3. Write a half to one-page reflection paper (Word document) that describes a situation where you lost confidence that ultimately led to discouragement. What was the root cause of your loss of confidence? How did you regain your confidence and what effect did that have on the discouragement you felt?

4. Incorporate two Scripture verses or passages of your choosing (other than those included above) that speak to how we are to deal with discouragement and/or a lack of confidence.

5. Reflection papers are to be written in accordance with 
APA Guidelines (7th ed.)(new tab)

 including format guidelines. Papers must be logical, well organized, grammatically correct, and have correct spelling and sentence structure.  Write in complete paragraphs. 

4.2 Discussion: Psychological Safety and Fear in the Workplace

Getting Started

While the term “psychological safety” is a relatively newer one, the concepts it describes likely have been around since human beings began working together in teams. The list of significant errors, loss of life, and even disasters, is long when individuals and teams feel unsafe or uncomfortable speaking up. Beyond the negative outcomes that often result, other consequences result from a lack of psychological safety: lack of motivation and innovation are just a couple of examples.

Using the TEDx Talk by Dr. Amy Edmondson, we’ll explore how psychological safety can enhance the organization’s environment, productivity, and goals…as well as how the lack of psychological safety can result in great harm. We also will consider elements of psychological safety in the assigned white paper reading.

Upon successful completion of this discussion, you will be able to:

· Explain the concept of psychological safety and how motivation and innovation are affected by high and low levels of psychological safety.

· Describe strategies for enhancing psychological capital and resilience among both leaders and followers.

Instructions

1. Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.

2. Review the information in the Getting Started section.

3. View the YOUTUBE TEDx Talk video with Dr. Amy Edmondson

4. Read these short articles in 
Forbes(new tab)

 and 
Talent Development(new tab)

 magazines.

5. Frame your initial post of 250-300 words no later than Day Four around the following thought-starter questions:

a. How does your understanding of psychological safety help explain why leaders and followers make decisions and behave as they do?

b. How might motivation and innovation be affected when psychological safety is low?

c. Describe an example of when you did or did not feel that sufficient psychological safety existed in your organization, such that you were able to (or not able to) speak up about something of consequence.

d. What could you do to foster greater psychological safety in your organization? What would that require of you?

4.3 Assignment: Scholarly Paper

Getting Started

At this point in the BSOL program, it should be evident that the discipline and practice of leadership are complex. In this course, we have been exploring more deeply how psychology shapes leader and follower behaviors, sometimes in ways that occur at a subconscious level. Leadership is complex because it involves people…and people are complicated! Our study thus far of the psychology of leadership provides evidence of that.

As with each BSOL course you have completed to date, your assignment in this workshop is to write a scholarly paper that addresses key concepts of the psychology of leadership. This assignment will provide you with the opportunity to continue to build upon the skills you have been acquiring with the Online Campus Library Services (OCLS). Continuing to learn how to navigate OCLS will be a foundational skill for your continued studies. Through that excellent resource, as well as your assigned course materials, you have access to a wealth of information and research that will assist you in writing a scholarly paper on this assigned topic.

Upon successful completion of this assignment, you will be able to:

· Explain a variety of individual differences, including personality and motivation, and their potential strengths and opportunities for leaders and followers.

· Evaluate self-concept, including components such as identity, emotional intelligence, and self-efficacy, and their relationship to human performance in organizations.

· Explain dimensions and processes of collective identity, including elements such as organizational identity, social learning, and shared leadership, and their relationship to human performance in organizations.

· Describe strategies for enhancing psychological capital and resilience among both leaders and followers.

· Integrate biblical perspectives for promoting holistic well-being in organizational members.

Background Information

To read more about creating psychologically healthier workplaces, access:

· Burke, R. J. (2017). 
Creating psychologically healthier workplaces(new tab)

Effective Executive, 20(4), 12–18.

· Frei, F., & Morriss, A. (2020). 
Begin with trust(new tab)

Harvard Business Review, 98(3), 112–121.

Instructions

1. Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.

2. Review your course materials for the first four workshop weeks, including suggestions resources for this assignment.

3. Locate at least three articles using 
OCLS(new tab)

 that will help inform your work on this assignment.

4. Compose a 2.5 to 3-page paper (not including the title page and reference page) addressing the following prompts:

5. Explore how factors such as personality, motivation, resilience, and social influence contribute to leader and follower strengths and weaknesses.

6. Assess how psychological components like identity, emotions, and self-efficacy relate to human performance in organizations.

7. Explain how strategies for enhancing psychological capital may be productively applied in organizations. Discuss the challenges to implementing the strategies you suggest.

8. Your paper must include a minimum of 4-5 references and no more than two may come from your course materials.

9. Your paper must be in APA format and include a title page and reference page. Also, include an introduction and conclusion in your paper.

10. All papers are to be written and formatted in accordance with 
APA Guidelines (7th ed.)(new tab)

. Papers must be logical, well organized, grammatically correct, and have correct spelling and sentence structure. Write in complete paragraphs of at least three sentences in length.

11. Proofread your papers prior to submitting them to ensure the highest quality of presentation.