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Literature Evaluation Table

Student Name: Daniel Nweke

Summary of Clinical Issue

The corona virus pandemic has killed many people and caused an economic downturn unprecedented in history. People living in rural areas have been disproportionately affected by this pandemic and are among those most at risk; however, there has been insufficient information disseminated to this vulnerable group of people. The corona virus, like all other viruses, is an obligate parasite that cannot reproduce outside of the host. Because the virus lacks bodies to grow in, it can only spread by hijacking the host’s body. Viruses cause infection by invading the body’s cells and multiplying within the host. This virus has a brief intracellular period before infecting cells and a prolonged intracellular period during replication. The virus can suppress the host’s immune response, allowing it to overcome or minimize the host’s defense. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed a social distancing policy with guidelines that will be implemented throughout the United States. This is intended to aid in the prevention of disease transmission. COVID-19. The Corona Virus is a mild infection that most people will recover from. The government has implemented several measures to keep people safe from the disease and reduce the risk of infection. Aside from creating a safe environment, the policy aims to educate the public about the dangers associated with this disease.

My picot question therefore is: Will the spread of Covid-19 in PG county reduce after the Implementation of Early preventive measures of social Distancing, mask-wearing, and Nursing education, compared to Neighboring counties with more cases where such actions were not implemented to reduce the spread of the virus over the next few months?

PICOT Question:

Criteria

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink

“Teslya, A., Pham, T. M., Godijk, N. G., Kretzschmar, M. E., Bootsma, M. C., & Rozhnova, G. (2020). Impact of self-imposed prevention measures and short-term government-imposed social distancing on mitigating and delaying a COVID-19 epidemic: A modelling study. PLoS medicine17(7), e1003166. Impact of self-imposed prevention measures and short-term government-imposed social distancing on mitigating and delaying a COVID-19 epidemic: A modelling study (plos.org)

“Chiu, N. C., Chi, H., Tai, Y. L., Peng, C. C., Tseng, C. Y., Chen, C. C., … & Lin, C. Y. (2020). Impact of wearing masks, hand hygiene, and social distancing on influenza, enterovirus, and all-cause pneumonia during the coronavirus pandemic: Retrospective national epidemiological surveillance study. Journal of Medical Internet Research22(8), e21257. JMIR – Impact of Wearing Masks, Hand Hygiene, and Social Distancing on Influenza, Enterovirus, and All-Cause Pneumonia During the Coronavirus Pandemic: Retrospective National Epidemiological Surveillance Study | Chiu | Journal of Medical Internet Research

“Bundgaard, H., Bundgaard, J. S., Raaschou-Pedersen, D. E. T., von Buchwald, C., Todsen, T., Norsk, J. B., … & Iversen, K. (2020). Effectiveness of adding a mask recommendation to other public health measures to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection in Danish mask wearers: a randomized controlled trial. Annals of Internal Medicine. Effectiveness of Adding a Mask Recommendation to Other Public Health Measures to Prevent SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Danish Mask Wearers: A Randomized Controlled Trial: Annals of Internal Medicine: Vol 0, No 0 (acpjournals.org)

How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question?

This article directly supports the PICOT as it highlights measures that can help in reducing COVID 19

This study is very significant in supporting my PICOT since it shows the role that the various measures that have been put in place can help not only in reducing the spread of Covid 19 but also other respiratory disease.

This article highlights some of the measures that can help in checking the spread of this Virus and therefore it is directly related to my PICOT question.

Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?)

This is a qualitative study because it uses non numerical data in analyzing the study results

This is a qualitative study because it uses non numerical data in analyzing the study results

This is a qualitative study

Purpose Statement

The study compared the effectiveness of the various prevention measures and their effects on fighting Covid

This study was aimed at investigating the impact of the implemented infectious control strategies

This study was aimed at assessing whether surgical mask recommendation use outside home decreases the risk of Covid 19

Research Question

Do prevention measures imposed by the government and social distancing mitigate or delay covid 19.

What is the impact of the infectious control strategies that that have been implemented during this pandemic?

Does wearing surgical mask outside the home reduce the risk of the wearer for COVID 19?

Outcome

It was found that all the measures like hand washing, social distancing and mask wearing influence the dynamics of COVID 19

It was found that the control measures that have been implemented have greatly played a big role in helping control the pandemic.

most infections came from outside the home setting

Setting

(Where did the study take place?)

Hospitals, long term care facilities and nursing homes.

home setting

Sample

Sample not provided

3030 participants

Method

The researchers developed a deterministic compartment model to describe SARS-CoV-2. The patients were classified basing of their susceptibility and transmission observed

The study used Taiwan National infectious Disease electronic database statistics. the authors then extracted COVID 19 incidences and all al- cause pneumonia and compared these incidences

The participants were enrolled, and data was registered using REDCap software. Patients who were eligible were assigned masks

Key Findings of the Study

The patients were classified basing of their susceptibility and transmission observed

It was found that the control measures that have been implemented have greatly played a big role in helping control the pandemic.

It was observed that most infections came from outside the home setting.

Recommendations of the Researcher

Using self-imposed measures and government-imposed measures will help this community to reduce the virus

wearing of masks social distancing ad hand hygiene may help a lot in the prevention of covid 19 and decrease the spread of other respiratory disease

This was an indication that wearing mask outside the home setting was very important as it helped in checking the spread of the virus

Criteria

Article 4

Article 5

Article 6

APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink

“Li, T., Liu, Y., Li, M., Qian, X., & Dai, S. Y. (2020). Mask or no mask for COVID-19: A public health and market study. PloS one15(8), e0237691. Mask or no mask for COVID-19: A public health and market study (plos.org)

“Gray, D. J., Kurscheid, J., Mationg, M. L., Williams, G. M., Gordon, C., Kelly, M., … & McManus, D. P. (2020). Health-education to prevent COVID-19 in schoolchildren: a call to action. Infectious diseases of poverty9(1), 1-3. Health-education to prevent COVID-19 in schoolchildren: a call to action | Infectious Diseases of Poverty | Full Text (biomedcentral.com)

“Hornik, R., Kikut, A., Jesch, E., Woko, C., Siegel, L., & Kim, K. (2021). Association of COVID-19 misinformation with face mask wearing and social distancing in a nationally representative US sample. Health communication36(1), 6-14. Full article: Association of COVID-19 Misinformation with Face Mask Wearing and Social Distancing in a Nationally Representative US Sample (tandfonline.com)

How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question?

This article has a direct support in my project since it elaborates the ways that mask wearing as a protective measure can help in mitigating the spread of the Virus.

This article is very significant in supporting my PICCOT sine it illustrates the significance o education on trying to decrease the spread of this virus in the society.

This study is crucial in supporting my PICCOT question since it illustrates the significance of offering education to the people regarding the significance of these measures to help fight the pandemic

Quantitative, Qualitative (How do you know?)

This is a simulated qualitative study

This is qualitative research since it does not use numerical data in the result analysis

This is qualitative research that uses non numerical statistics

Purpose Statement

This study was aimed at assessing whether the use of face masks is capable of delaying an influenza pandemic.

This study was aimed at assessing whether the TV programs such as cartoons can help in passing covid 19 prevention messages among the children

The study was aimed at assessing how misinformation on face mask wearing and social distancing affected the adherence of people to the measures put in place

Research Question

What is the likely effect of the mask utilization in public spaces to combat COVID 19 pandemic

Does positive health messages and television programs help in reinforcing positive influence on hand washing procedures and social distancing

What is the association of misinformation of wearing face mask and social distancing in U.S and adherence?

Outcome

The research found out that wearing mask since the masks had a considerable promise of containing the pandemic.

This study illustrated that cartoon concepts allows the children to identify with characters and this reinforces the need of good hygiene

The study found out that social distance was observed outside but it was not adhered at homes. There was however an increase in observance of these measures

Setting

(Where did the study take place?)

Closed settings (household and aircraft)

Home environment.

Home environment in the United States

Sample

sample not given

Sample not given

1074 adults

Method

The study used https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?type=thumbnail&id=info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0237691.e001equation in predicting the basic reproduction number.

B is the risk of transmission per contact and k the contact rate ad d the duration of infectivity

The intervention was trying to inform children on the transmission of disease. This was done by using cartoon concepts

An online survey was conducted where the participants were asked various questions regarding Covid 19 behaviors such as social distancing and faces mask wearing.

Key Findings of the Study

The key findings illustrated that there was a great significance of wearing masks since the masks had a considerable promise of containing the pandemic.

It was found that these cartoon concepts allow the children to identify with characters and they can be able to visualize intestinal parasitic worms and their eggs in people and the environment. this reinforces the need of good hygiene

It was found that the wearing of face masks varied depending on the behavior. Social distance was observed outside but it was not adhered at homes. There was however an increase in observance of these measures

Recommendations of the Researcher

Face masks is one of the most important measures that can play a significant role in cutting the spread of the virus. However, the masks should be properly worn for efficacy.

Education is very significant in helping curb the spread of Covid 19. This should be done even to the children so that they are aware of the dangers and how to keep themselves safe

It is important that more education on these measures is done. This study illustrate that although there is an increase in adherence of these measures, there is still a great importance of educating people on why this should also be done in our homes

© 2019. Grand CanyonUniversity. All Rights Reserved.

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Running head: QUALITATIVE STUDIES 1

QUALITATIVE STUDIES 4

Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

Daniel Nweke

Grand Canyon University

NRS-433V Introduction to Nursing Research

Professor Tijana Zelenovic

Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

Study 1: Dukes, K., Bunch, J., Chan, P., Guetterman, T., Lehrich, J., & Trumpower, B. et al. (2019). Assessment of Rapid Response Teams at Top-Performing Hospitals for In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. JAMA Internal Medicine179(10), 1398. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2420

Background of the Study

The study gap that is recognized is that there are multiple patients that encounter the in-hospital cardiac arrest annually and most of them die because of the poor efforts that are in place in terms of timelines and time for resuscitation. The study highlights the rapid response team (RRT) as an important strategy that works towards the prevention of in-hospital cardiac arrest (Dukes et al., 2019). Having the RRT in place is important in the process of conducting an evaluation on the patient health deterioration and consider an immediate start of life-saving interventions including transferring the patient for specialized and emergency care in higher level care areas as the intensive care unit (ICU) (Dukes et al., 2019). There is also an aspect that maintaining the operations of the RRT in the hospital facility is quite expensive and demands for more revenue like a medium-size hospital spending around 1$ million in a 5-year period plan. The research question for the study is that: “how do rapid teams differ between top-performing and non-top performing hospital resuscitation care?” The problem statement of the study is that hospitals are considered non-performing if they have no RRTs team that offer an immediate response to in-hospital cardiac arrest that require an immediate intervention to save life. There is the challenge of preventing deaths associated with cardiac arrest in the hospitals. The purpose of the study is to conduct an evaluation about the differences in the design and implementation of RRT between top-performing and non-performing hospitals in handling deteriorating patient health due to cardiac arrest. Nurses are relevant in this RRT team because they are the people that are close to patient and are there for monitoring and their feedback is much needed to achieve an early intervention in case of cardiac arrest.

The article answers the PICOT question based on how the nurses play an important role in handling the cardiac arrest of in-hospital patients as part of the RRT team. The intervention group in the article that is the RRT works effectively since it is a multi-disciplinary team that monitor and evaluate patient in the hospital and offer an immediate treatment or intervention by taking them to higher specialized care wards like the ICU.

Method of Study

A qualitative analysis was conducted where semi structured interview was done where about 158 hospitals were involved engaging on the healthcare providers that included the nurses, physicians, and administrators. The benefit of the method is that a detailed insight was collected from the population of interest. The challenge is that the results collected is difficult to replicate.

Results of the Study

Most of the participants in the study are nurses and this demonstrated that nurses play an important role as the members of the RRT response team. Top-performing sites had significantly different RRTs in four areas: team design and composition, RRT involvement in patient monitoring for high-risk patients, bedside nurse empowerment to activate the RRT, as well as collaborative work with bedside nurses before during and after an RRT response (Dukes et al., 2019). RRTs at high-performing hospitals were often staffed by dedicated team members without competing clinical responsibilities, who provided expertise to bedside nurses in managing patients at risk of deterioration and collaborated with nurses during and after a rapid response. Bedside nurses have the freedom to use RRTs on their own, without fear of retaliation from doctors or hospital personnel.

Ethical Consideration

The study was conducted in an ethical manner where the participants were requested for their consent to participate and taking part was a voluntary process.

Conclusion

The qualitative study has indicated that hospitals that are operating and performing well would have the RRT in place that consists of the dedicated staff and led by the nurses in implementing the clinical roles and work collaboratively as a multi-disciplinary team and ensure that patients interests are prioritized.

Ethical Consideration

The participants in the study participated in approving consent of participation and also, they were requested to participate voluntary. The participant’s data was protected and assured that their data is secured.

Study 2: Bunkenborg, G., Barfod O’Connell, M., Jensen, H., & Bucknall, T. (2022). Balancing responsibilities, rewards, and challenges: A qualitative study illuminating the complexity of being a rapid response team nurse. Journal of Clinical Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.16183

Background of the Study

The nurses have been working as the frontline staff in the rapid response team (RRT) in the process of handling critical situations that are experienced in the acute care hospitals. The literature has indicated that nurses feel that their collaboration to the handling of acute care in hospitals is successful due to their collaboration with the general ward nurses and the physicians. There was the need that the RRT is adjusted to benefit the patient benefit and also the team member’s job satisfaction (Bunkenborg et al., 2022). The purpose and objective of the study is that understanding the nurse perception about being in the RRT and the way they consider collaboration with other healthcare providers in handling acute care experienced with the patients (Dukes et al., 2019). The research question is: What perception does the nurses have as being part of the RRT team in hospital? The problem is that nurses have different perceptions about their role in the RRT team in serving critical care. The research is much critical in answering the PICOT question concerning the role nurses play as part of the RRT team and their contribution in the critical care especially in the cardiac arrest in hospital.

Method used

Qualitative research was used and this was intentionally done in order to source more information about the role nurses play in RRT and their perception about their contribution (Bunkenborg et al., 2022). The qualitative method is beneficial that data collected has more insight as compared to using the quantitative method. The disadvantage is that the data may not be replicated.

Results of the Study

The themes that emerged from the study include balancing the responsibilities as nurses towards handling RRT assignment well especially when attending to cardiac arrest cases that happen within the hospital facility. The issue of rewards and challenges was also the outcome of the study and it stated that the desired outcome is to help the patients using the RRT as the core function to ensure that they receive the best care.

Conclusion

Working as an RRT nurse is a challenging task but having the training and experience in the RRT field results to a satisfaction assisting the patients especially those experiencing deteriorating health and restore it back. There is the need to have resources for training staff for interdisciplinary collaboration to minimize stress transferred to nurses during implementation.

Ethical Consideration

According to the study only collected data that was already available and took patient and nurse data privacy into account, it did not raise any ethical red flags.

References

Bunkenborg, G., Barfod O’Connell, M., Jensen, H., & Bucknall, T. (2022). Balancing responsibilities, rewards and challenges: A qualitative study illuminating the complexity of being a rapid response team nurse. Journal Of Clinical Nursing. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.16183

Dukes, K., Bunch, J., Chan, P., Guetterman, T., Lehrich, J., & Trumpower, B. et al. (2019). Assessment of Rapid Response Teams at Top-Performing Hospitals for In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. JAMA Internal Medicine179(10), 1398. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2420

Dukes, K., Bunch, J., Chan, P., Guetterman, T., Lehrich, J., & Trumpower, B. et al. (2019). Assessment of Rapid Response Teams at Top-Performing Hospitals for In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. JAMA Internal Medicine179(10), 1398. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2420

6

Rough Draft Quantitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

Daniel Nweke

NRS-433V Introduction to Nursing Research

Professor Tijana Zelenovic

Grand Canyon University

April 7, 2022.


Rough Draft Quantitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations

Background.

The impact of medical face masks on reducing the spread of covid-19 is investigated by Li et al. (2020). The researchers looked into three aspects that influence mask efficacy and the rate of covid-19 transfer. Mask availability, mask aerosol reduction rate, and mask population coverage are among the parameters evaluated. Covid-19 is an emerging disease, therefore there is little literature on containment measures. The research is very important to nursing because it sheds more light on what works and what doesn’t work regarding covid-19. The research also helps nurses to get prepared for future pandemics that may emerge. Li et al. investigated the effect of medical face masks on preventing the spread of covid-19 (Li et al., 2020). The researchers investigated three factors that determine mask efficacy and covid-19 transmission rate. The criteria tested include mask availability, mask aerosol reduction rate, and mask population coverage.

Chiu et al (2020) wanted to see how effective wearing a mask was at preventing the transmission of covid-19. The impact of covid-19 control methods on pneumonia and other viral infections like as influenza is also being studied by the researchers. The study is significant in nursing because it gives quantitative information on the prevention of infectious disorders such as covid-19 and other viral infections. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the researchers wanted to see how adopted infectious control techniques affected the occurrences of influenza, enterovirus infection, and all-cause pneumonia. During the COVID-19 pandemic, what effect did the adopted infectious control techniques have on the incidences of influenza, enterovirus infection, and all-cause pneumonia?

Articles and chosen nurse practice

My picot question is: Will the spread of Covid-19 in PG county reduce after the Implementation of Early preventive measures of social Distancing, mask-wearing, and Nursing education, compared to Neighboring counties with more cases where such actions were not implemented to reduce the spread of the virus over the next few months? The two articles support this since they provide quantitative evidence on how to mask-wearing helps in reducing the spread of covid-19. According to Li et al. (2020), masks play two key roles in preventing the population from covid-19. Masks affect the respiratory gas emanation and unsettled gas cloud formation. Masks can either block gases released by coughing or filter the gases by redirecting them in less harmful ways. The second purpose of masks is to filter infected particles like droplets and aerosols. During the COVID-19 pandemic, Chiu et al. (2020) discovered a significant reduction in cases of influenza, enterovirus, and all-cause pneumonia due to the implementation of control measures such as mask use, isolation, social distancing, and hand hygiene.

Method of Study.

The impact was calculated by Li et al. (2020) monitoring and computing the transmission risk per contact rate (numbers per period) between infected and susceptible persons in the community. Based on interaction, the researcher computed the infectivity rate. The viral infectious dosage and virus transmission in the population were used to determine the effectiveness of wearing masks. Using the electronic database of the Taiwan National Infectious Disease Statistics System, Chiu et al. (2020) extracted COVID-19, influenza virus, enterovirus, and all-cause pneumonia occurrences. The diseases’ occurrences were compared between week 45 of 2016 and week 21 of 2020. Case occurrences were plotted weekly using Microsoft Office and SPSS. Linear regression analyses were performed for each year. Both researchers used quantitative methods. The advantage of quantitative research is that it can be tested and checked. The limitation of the method used by Li et al is that a percentage of the population could be asymptomatic meaning that they could have validated the effectiveness of wearing masks simply because they studied asymptomatic individuals. The fundamental processes and causal linkages could not be determined since Chiu et al used a retrospective study design.

Results of Study.

Li et al. (2020) propose a quantitative study that examines the effect of mask use on viral infection reproduction rates and, as a result, the COVID-19 epidemic curve. Wearing a mask greatly reduces the viral reproduction number in the population, according to the study. The combination of mask-wearing, social distancing, and avoiding crowding significantly reduces the COVID-19 burden on society. Covid-19 became a global public health crisis. Preventing diseases such as covid-19 requires containment of the virus and reducing the rate of spread. The effective non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) interventions to fight covid-19 include isolation, social distancing of seniors, home quarantine, social distancing of the entire population, and school closure. Before the implementation of vaccination, wearing masks played a greater role in reducing the covid-19 transmission. According to the research, timely NPIs are essential in preventing a secondary wave of covid-19. The effectiveness of wearing masks in the prevention of covid-19 depends on the availability of masks, public awareness, and government policies and advocacy.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a considerable reduction in enterovirus, influenza, and all-cause pneumonia, according to Chiu et al. Hand cleanliness, wearing masks, and social separation are among the containment measures in place, which help to prevent not only covid-19 but also other viral illnesses and pneumonia. Technology interventions such as big data analysis, mobile technology, web-based dashboards, and social media platforms also help with covid-19 reactions (Chiu et al., 2020). The researchers used electronic epidemiologic statistics which facilitated the acquiring of timely preliminary findings. Universal masking is important because asymptomatic patients potentially spread the virus. The implementation of aggressive infection containment measures was effective in reducing the spread of covid-19.

Outcomes Comparison.

The anticipated outcome for my PICOT question is that early intervention measures such as wearing masks, social distancing, and nursing education are effective in reducing the spread of covid-19. Both articles have proven that covid-19 prevention measures significantly reduced the spread of the virus. According to Li et al., NPIs including isolation, social distancing of seniors, home quarantine, the social separation of the entire population, as well as the shutdown of schools, are both beneficial in decreasing the spread of covid-19. Chiu et al determined that mask-wearing, and hand hygiene measures dis not only reduce the spread of covid-19 but also reduced cases of viral infections and pneumonia. In addition to the containment measures, health education on covid-19 prevention significantly reduces the spread of the pandemic (Hornik et al., 2020).

References

Chiu, N., Chi, H., Tai, Y., Peng, C., Tseng, C., Chen, C., Tan, B. F., & Lin, C. (2020). Impact of wearing masks, hand hygiene, and social distancing on influenza, enterovirus, and all-cause pneumonia during the coronavirus pandemic: Retrospective national epidemiological surveillance study. Journal of Medical Internet Research22(8), e21257. https://doi.org/10.2196/21257

Hornik, R., Kikut, A., Jesch, E., Woko, C., Siegel, L., & Kim, K. (2020). Association of COVID-19 misinformation with face mask wearing and social distancing in a nationally representative US sample. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/k8pds

Li, T., Liu, Y., Li, M., Qian, X., & Dai, S. Y. (2020). Mask or no mask for COVID-19: A public health and market study. PLOS ONE15(8), e0237691. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0237691

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Research Critiques and PICOT Question Guidelines –

Final Draft

Use this document to organize the content from your four studies into your final draft.

Quantitative and Quantitative Studies


Nursing Practice Problem and PICOT Question

1. What is your identified nursing practice problem?

2. List your PICOT question, following one of the templated formats reviewed in the course.


Background

1. Summary of studies. Include problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research question.


How do these four articles support the nurse practice issue you chose?

1. Discuss how these articles will be used to answer your PICOT question.

2. Describe how the interventions and comparison groups in the articles compare to those identified in your PICOT question.


Method of Study:

1. State the methods of the articles you are comparing and describe how they are different.

2. Consider the methods you identified in your chosen articles and state one benefit and one limitation of each method.


Results of Study

1. Summarize the key findings of each of the studies into a comprehensive summary.

2. What are the implications of the four studies you chose in nursing practice?


Ethical Considerations

1. Discuss two ethical consideration in conducting research.

2. Describe how the researchers in the four articles you choose took these ethical considerations into account while performing their research.


Outcomes Comparison

1. What are the anticipated outcomes for your PICOT question?

2. How do the outcomes of the four articles you chose compare to your anticipated outcomes?


Proposed Evidence-Based Practice Change

1. What is the link between the PICOT question, the research articles, and the nursing practice problem you identified?

2. Based on this information, propose an evidence-based practice change for your identified setting.

© 2021. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

2

cid:D7D4B297-EEAE-4174-AD01-F87097282051@canyon.com

Research Critiques and PICOT Question Guidelines – Final Draft

Use this document to organize the content from your four studies into your final draft.

Quantitative and Quantitative Studies


Background

1. Summary of studies. Include problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research question.


How do these two articles support the nurse practice issue you chose?

1. Discuss how these articles will be used to answer your PICOT question.

2. Describe how the interventions and comparison groups in the articles compare to those identified in your PICOT question.


Method of Study:

1. State the methods of the articles you are comparing and describe how they are different.

2. Consider the methods you identified in your chosen articles and state one benefit and one limitation of each method.


Results of Study

1. Summarize the key findings of each of the studies into a comprehensive summary.

2. What are the implications of the four studies you chose in nursing practice?


Ethical Considerations

1. Discuss two ethical consideration in conducting research.

2. Describe how the researchers in the four articles you choose took these ethical considerations into account while performing their research.


Outcomes Comparison

1. What are the anticipated outcomes for your PICOT question?

2. How do the outcomes of the four articles you chose compare to your anticipated outcomes?

© 2019. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

2

Research Critiques and PICOT Statement Final Draft

Prepare this assignment as a 1,500-1,750-word paper using guidelines in attachments 4 and 5.


PICOT Question 

Use the PICOT question highlighted in attachment 1 for this assignment.


Research Critiques

In attachments 2 and 3, you completed a qualitative and quantitative research critique on two articles for each type of study (4 articles total). The completed analysis should connect to your identified practice problem of interest that is the basis for your PICOT question. Refer to “Research Critiques and PICOT Guidelines – Final Draft.” Questions under each heading should be addressed as a narrative in the structure of a formal paper.


Proposed Evidence-Based Practice Change

Discuss the link between the PICOT question (highlighted in attachment 1), the research articles in attachments 2 and 3, and the nursing practice problem you identified in attachment 1 (PICOT question in attachment 1). Include relevant details and supporting explanation and use that information to propose evidence-based practice changes.


General Requirements

You are required to cite a minimum of three peer-reviewed sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years, appropriate for the assignment criteria, and relevant to nursing practice.  

Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Attachments