Topic. What do all religions have in common?
Annotated References Page Creating an APA Reference Page
1. At the end of the paper, create a list of every source cited in the paper. At the top of this page, the word
References (bolded but without italics) should be centered one inch from the top of the page.
2. List each source cited in the body of your paper alphabetically. Alphabetize the list by the last names of
the authors (or editors); when the author or editor is unknown, alphabetize by the first word of the title
other than A, An, and The.
3. Use a hanging indent: type the first line of each entry flush with the left margin and indent any
additional lines one-half inch (or five spaces).
4. Double space within each entry, and double space between each entry. In other words, your reference
The page should look double spaced throughout just as the body of your paper does; do not quadruple space
5. Double-space after the word References.
6. Include a page number and header (same as throughout the body of
your paper) on your reference page. The numbering should be
consecutive with the rest of your paper—if your paper ends on page 8,
your reference page will be page 9.
7. Because an APA reference page includes only references that are recoverable, do not include personal
communications, such as letters, memoranda, and informal electronic communication. These types of
sources will be cited in the actual text instead. We will discuss how to cite these types of sources within
the body of your paper when reviewing in-text citations.
Specific Formats for Sources
Books Author. (Date). Title of book. Publisher. Goodman, K. (1996). On reading: A common-sense look at the nature of language and the science of reading. Heinemann.
Articles in magazines
Author. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Name of Magazine, volume number (issue number if
available), page numbers.
Quizno, P. R. (1995, August 4). The hidden causes of heart disease. Time, 134 (3), 33-36.
Little Details to Remember:
Capitalization: Capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title of an article or a book, the first letter of the first word immediately following a colon, and all proper nouns. Do not capitalize all keywords, except when giving the title of a periodical or newspaper. Book: On reading: A common-sense look at the nature of language and the science of reading. Magazine Article: Sending away for help: A mother’s cry for extended family in New England.
21or more authors: List the first 19 authors and the very last author on the source. Use ellipses between
the sixth and last author.
Smith, J., Jones, B. E., Brown, K. E., Doe, J., Chan, L., Garcia, S. M., White, C-G., Fernández, J.,
Ahmed, A. J., Zhào, L., Cohen, D., Watanabe, K., Kim, K., Del Rosario, J., Yilmaz, P. K.,
Nguyễn, T., Wilson, T. H., Wang, W., Kahale, A. … Zhang, Z. Z. (Date). Title. Source.
Editor as author: For a source with an editor instead of an author, including the Ed. title in parentheses after
the editor’s name:
Collins, W. (Ed.). (1992). Spiritual heights: Climbing God’s holy mountain. Westinghouse.
Article/chapter in an edited book: If you use an anthology (a book with a compilation of many
essays/articles written by various authors), use the following format:
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. (Date). Title of essay/chapter of the book that the author wrote. In
Editor’s Name with first initial and last name (Ed.), Title of an anthology (pp. of selection).
Smith, D. (2004). The fight for life. In T. Stanford (Ed.), Harrowing stories of life and death (pp.
234-250). Miller and Motley
Edition (other than 1st edition): After the title, include the edition number in parentheses.
Hallowell, E. M., & Ratey, J.J., Jr. (1994). Answers to distraction (2nd ed.). Bantam.
Journal titles and volume numbers: The underline/italics in an entry of a periodical should cover the
periodical title and the volume number.
Smith, T. (1998). Becoming friends with the wind. Journal of New Technology, 23, 34-50.
Journal issue numbers: If each issue of a journal begins on page 1, give the issue number of the journal in
parentheses immediately after the volume number with no space in-between and no underline/italics of
the issue numbers.
Brach, M. P. (1995). The disintegration of the relational zone. Psychology Profile, 23(3), 12-34.
Newspaper page numbers: When giving the page numbers of a newspaper article, use a comma to show
that the page numbers are discontinuous. The newspaper article in this example started on A3 and then
continued on A5.
Salsbury, P. (1998, June 4). A new approach to mathematics comes to some Twin Cities’ school
districts. The Pioneer Press, A3, A5.
Writing Annotations (APA Style)
If you have been thorough in completing a source sheet on each source that you have researched for your paper,
writing annotations for your bibliography will be fairly easy. Use the notes you have already gathered on these
sheets about your sources and their authors to write your annotations
Annotations include (in this order):
1. A 1-2 sentence summary of the source.
2. The author’s credentials.
Please keep in mind the following guidelines:
● Write annotations for credentialed sources only.
● Annotations should be written formally (in complete sentences to match your paper).
● Annotations start immediately after the reference page citation; do not press <enter> and then start the
● For a source with multiple authors, write credentials for all authors in the citation if possible.
● If an author has many credentials that would require writing more than two sentences, be selective in
what credentials you include for your audience. You should spend no more than 2 sentences on an
Sample Annotated Bibliography:
Baron, A. (2005). The people impact of outsourcing. Strategic Communications Management, 9 (1), 13. This
article describes the human element and effects of global outsourcing and provides a less business
focused and more human-focused point of view. Baron cites the effects of poorly done outsourcing.
Baron is the Senior Manager, Global Services Business Operations & Strategic Planning, Cisco Systems
Inc., she has also been a consultant worldwide for HR companies.
Facanha, C., & Horvath, A. (2005). Environmental assessment of logistics outsourcing. [Abstract]. Journal of
Management in Engineering, 21(1), 27-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2007.01.024 This article
briefly describes the environmental benefits of outsourcing practices. Horvath, a co-author of this article (with Ph. D candidate Facanha), is an Assistant Professor at the University of California,
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering.
Finch, B. (2003). OperationsNow.com. McGraw-Hill. This college textbook gives some good summaries on
the causes and effects of outsourcing in today’s global world, specifically stating the efficiency and
economics of global outsourcing. Finch has a BS and an MS from Iowa State University and is currently
Professor of Operations Management at Miami University. He has been published in journals such as
the Journal of Operations Management and the International Journal of Production Research, as well as
being the author and co-author of many textbooks.
Jones, W. (2004, March 5). From IPO to BPO: The growth of offshore outsourcing. Silicon India, 42-43.
Tyson, L. (2004, February 23). Outsourcing: Who’s safe anymore? Business Week Online.
https://www.businessweek.com/print/magazin/content/04_08.htm This article
states the fears and possible consequences of losing American jobs to global outsourcing. Tyson
is the Dean of the Haas School of Business at the University of California at Berkeley. Between
February 1995 and December 1996, she served as the President’s National Economic Adviser of
the U.S. She has a Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology