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Topic. What do all religions have in common?

Annotated References Page Creating an APA Reference Page

General Guidelines:

1. At the end of the paper, create a list of every source cited in the paper. At the top of this page, the word

References (bolded but without italics) should be centered one inch from the top of the page.

2. List each source cited in the body of your paper alphabetically. Alphabetize the list by the last names of

the authors (or editors); when the author or editor is unknown, alphabetize by the first word of the title

other than A, An, and The.

3. Use a hanging indent: type the first line of each entry flush with the left margin and indent any

additional lines one-half inch (or five spaces).

4. Double space within each entry, and double space between each entry. In other words, your reference

The page should look double spaced throughout just as the body of your paper does; do not quadruple space

between sources.

5. Double-space after the word References.

6. Include a page number and header (same as throughout the body of

your paper) on your reference page. The numbering should be

consecutive with the rest of your paper—if your paper ends on page 8,

your reference page will be page 9.

7. Because an APA reference page includes only references that are recoverable, do not include personal

communications, such as letters, memoranda, and informal electronic communication. These types of

sources will be cited in the actual text instead. We will discuss how to cite these types of sources within

the body of your paper when reviewing in-text citations.

Specific Formats for Sources

Books Author. (Date). Title of book. Publisher. Goodman, K. (1996). On reading: A common-sense look at the nature of language and the science of reading. Heinemann.

Articles in magazines

Author. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Name of Magazine, volume number (issue number if

available), page numbers.

Quizno, P. R. (1995, August 4). The hidden causes of heart disease. Time, 134 (3), 33-36.

Little Details to Remember:

Capitalization: Capitalize the first letter of the first word in the title of an article or a book, the first letter of the first word immediately following a colon, and all proper nouns. Do not capitalize all keywords, except when giving the title of a periodical or newspaper. Book: On reading: A common-sense look at the nature of language and the science of reading. Magazine Article: Sending away for help: A mother’s cry for extended family in New England.

21or more authors: List the first 19 authors and the very last author on the source. Use ellipses between

the sixth and last author.

Smith, J., Jones, B. E., Brown, K. E., Doe, J., Chan, L., Garcia, S. M., White, C-G., Fernández, J.,

Ahmed, A. J., Zhào, L., Cohen, D., Watanabe, K., Kim, K., Del Rosario, J., Yilmaz, P. K.,

Nguyễn, T., Wilson, T. H., Wang, W., Kahale, A. … Zhang, Z. Z. (Date). Title. Source.

Editor as author: For a source with an editor instead of an author, including the Ed. title in parentheses after

the editor’s name:

Collins, W. (Ed.). (1992). Spiritual heights: Climbing God’s holy mountain. Westinghouse.

Article/chapter in an edited book: If you use an anthology (a book with a compilation of many

essays/articles written by various authors), use the following format:

Author’s Last Name, First Initial. (Date). Title of essay/chapter of the book that the author wrote. In

Editor’s Name with first initial and last name (Ed.), Title of an anthology (pp. of selection).


Smith, D. (2004). The fight for life. In T. Stanford (Ed.), Harrowing stories of life and death (pp.

234-250). Miller and Motley

Edition (other than 1st edition): After the title, include the edition number in parentheses.

Hallowell, E. M., & Ratey, J.J., Jr. (1994). Answers to distraction (2nd ed.). Bantam.

Journal titles and volume numbers: The underline/italics in an entry of a periodical should cover the

periodical title and the volume number.

Smith, T. (1998). Becoming friends with the wind. Journal of New Technology, 23, 34-50.

Journal issue numbers: If each issue of a journal begins on page 1, give the issue number of the journal in

parentheses immediately after the volume number with no space in-between and no underline/italics of

the issue numbers.

Brach, M. P. (1995). The disintegration of the relational zone. Psychology Profile, 23(3), 12-34.

Newspaper page numbers: When giving the page numbers of a newspaper article, use a comma to show

that the page numbers are discontinuous. The newspaper article in this example started on A3 and then

continued on A5.

Salsbury, P. (1998, June 4). A new approach to mathematics comes to some Twin Cities’ school

districts. The Pioneer Press, A3, A5.

Writing Annotations (APA Style)

If you have been thorough in completing a source sheet on each source that you have researched for your paper,

writing annotations for your bibliography will be fairly easy. Use the notes you have already gathered on these

sheets about your sources and their authors to write your annotations

Annotations include (in this order):

1. A 1-2 sentence summary of the source.

2. The author’s credentials.

Please keep in mind the following guidelines:

● Write annotations for credentialed sources only.

● Annotations should be written formally (in complete sentences to match your paper).

● Annotations start immediately after the reference page citation; do not press <enter> and then start the


● For a source with multiple authors, write credentials for all authors in the citation if possible.

● If an author has many credentials that would require writing more than two sentences, be selective in

what credentials you include for your audience. You should spend no more than 2 sentences on an


Sample Annotated Bibliography:


Baron, A. (2005). The people impact of outsourcing. Strategic Communications Management, 9 (1), 13. This

article describes the human element and effects of global outsourcing and provides a less business

focused and more human-focused point of view. Baron cites the effects of poorly done outsourcing.

Baron is the Senior Manager, Global Services Business Operations & Strategic Planning, Cisco Systems

Inc., she has also been a consultant worldwide for HR companies.

Facanha, C., & Horvath, A. (2005). Environmental assessment of logistics outsourcing. [Abstract]. Journal of

Management in Engineering, 21(1), 27-38. This article

briefly describes the environmental benefits of outsourcing practices. Horvath, a co-author of this article (with Ph. D candidate Facanha), is an Assistant Professor at the University of California,

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering.

Finch, B. (2003). McGraw-Hill. This college textbook gives some good summaries on

the causes and effects of outsourcing in today’s global world, specifically stating the efficiency and

economics of global outsourcing. Finch has a BS and an MS from Iowa State University and is currently

Professor of Operations Management at Miami University. He has been published in journals such as

the Journal of Operations Management and the International Journal of Production Research, as well as

being the author and co-author of many textbooks.

Jones, W. (2004, March 5). From IPO to BPO: The growth of offshore outsourcing. Silicon India, 42-43.

Tyson, L. (2004, February 23). Outsourcing: Who’s safe anymore? Business Week Online. This article

states the fears and possible consequences of losing American jobs to global outsourcing. Tyson

is the Dean of the Haas School of Business at the University of California at Berkeley. Between

February 1995 and December 1996, she served as the President’s National Economic Adviser of

the U.S. She has a Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology